Trauma 101

There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you. ~Maya Angelou 

 Treatment is Based on Diagnosis; 

 We Need Better Options

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  Differential Diagnosis

Simple PTSD    vs.

Complex PTSD vs.

Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD)

Simple Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Simple Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) develops after a terrifying ordeal that involved physical harm or the threat of physical harm. The person who develops PTSD may have been the one who was harmed, the harm may have happened to a loved one, or the person may have witnessed a harmful event that happened to loved ones or strangers. PTSD was first brought to public attention in relation to war veterans, but it can result from a variety of traumatic incidents, such as mugging, rape, torture, being kidnapped or held captive, child abuse, car accidents, train wrecks, plane crashes, bombings, or natural disasters such as floods or earthquakes. People with PTSD may startle easily, become emotionally numb (especially in relation to people with whom they used to be close), lose interest in things they used to enjoy, have trouble feeling affectionate, be irritable, become more aggressive, or even become violent. They avoid situations that remind them of the original incident, and anniversaries of the incident are often very difficult. PTSD symptoms seem to be worse if the event that triggered them was deliberately initiated by another person, as in a mugging or a kidnapping.  Most people with PTSD repeatedly relive the trauma in their thoughts during the day and in nightmares when they sleep. These are called flashbacks. Flashbacks may consist of images, sounds, smells, or feelings, and are often triggered by ordinary occurrences, such as a door slamming or a car backfiring on the street.

reference-icon.jpg Read Seminal paper by Bessel van der Kolk

 

reference-icon.jpg Read/Download NIMH Booklet: 

 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD)

According to Judith Herman: ....

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